Strengthening climate services and early warning systems in The Gambia
The Gambia does not have an effective early warning system to generate knowledge of climate change risks, vulnerabilities and hazards, and this prevents the country from planning, monitoring, responding and adapting to climate change risks.
The Gambia is particularly vulnerable to the increasing frequency and severity of droughts, floods, severe lightning, wind storms and other climate events, and their negative impacts on sectors such as agriculture, fisheries, tourism, health and infrastructure. Such climate-related hazards are having increasingly adverse effects on the country. A large proportion of the Gambian population is highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture and natural resources, which makes it vulnerable to rain variability and other climate events. In order to invest in The Gambia’s capacity to adapt to climate-related hazards, it is necessary to strengthen climate monitoring, analysis and dissemination.
This LDCF project addresses the first EWS-related gaps which include: a limited understanding of current and future climate risks; limited monitoring and forecasting of climate-related hazards; inappropriate communication and packaging of warnings; restricted adaptive responses to impending disasters; and constrained planning for slow-onset changes due to climate change that will require a transformational shift in economic development and risk reduction efforts.
This project will invest in strengthening current systems to lead to a fully operational EWS for the Gambia at the institutional level which can in turn serve local communities particularly in remote and vulnerable regions. This will be carried out through improving national capabilities to generate and use climate information in the planning for and management of climate-induced hazard risks, developing core skills and competencies to analyze the climate risks at hand, acquiring relevant technologies to generate accurate and reliable data, improving early warning dissemination and advisory communications; and supporting communities in the uptake of climate information at the local level.
The objective of the project is strengthen the climate monitoring capabilities, early warning systems and available information for responding to climate shocks and planning adaptation to climate change in The Gambia.
The project is based on the following outcomes:
- The Gambia Meteorological Services is supported in its transition into a fully-fledged financially sustainable Meteorological Agency;
- Hydrological/meteorological infrastructure is installed for optimal performance of national hydro-met monitoring;
- Acritical mass of skilled human resources is able to operate the Gambia Early Warning System and perform long-term climate planning beyond the pilot project, and
- Efficient and effective use of hydro-meteorological and environmental information for making early warnings and long-term development plans
The project has a total budget of about USD31, 660,000 out of which GEF/LDCF provided USD 8 million and further estimated USD 23,660,000 in co-financing.